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risks of periodontal disease


man smiling.Most people fail to realize that periodontal disease and gum disease are the same conditions. It is progressive in nature and incredibly destructive to both the soft tissues of the mouth and the hard bone structures of the jaw. It can cause pain, tooth loss, and bone decay.

It should be duly noted that most people take their oral health for granted. They floss or brush for a day or two here and there and think that everything will be fine. While in many cases this may be true, in many more it is not. When patients do not brush on a given day, the bacteria that always remain in the mouth can become more aggressive and while they typically remove the remaining bits of food between teeth, if left alone, they can target the tooth enamel and soft gum tissues. The damage incurred can lead to intensely invasive procedures which can cost a great deal of money. If you think you may have gum disease, then please reach out today at Jason Widner DMD Family Dentistry.

Causes of Gum Disease


The leading cause of periodontal disease is the plaque buildup along the gum line which then can then in turn attack the tooth root. When the bacteria are not cleaned from the patient's teeth it can lead to tartar which in turn can lead to plaque buildup. Brushing and flossing can remove both the bacteria and plaque, but it cannot remove tartar. It needs to be removed by a professional.

Consequences


When plaque is left untreated for too long it can begin to attack the supportive tissue which can then become gingivitis. This is the initial phase of gum disease. There may be bleeding associated with gingivitis as well as discomfort while chewing or eating.
Patients will recognize swelling along the gums, their color sometimes shifting to bright red or even purple. They can become incredibly sensitive, tender while both eating and brushing. These may all be signs of periodontal disease. Another indicator is chronic bad breath.

The disease, once it has advanced to the latter stages, will display even more symptoms. There may be pus discharge from either between the teeth or where the gums meet the teeth. Increased pain while eating as well as sores or ulcers on the gums or the roof of the mouth can be indicative of advanced gum disease.

In the final stages, some patients may realize their teeth have become loose in their sockets and as the decay increases, they may suffer tooth loss as well. As the teeth shift in the weakened gum and bone tissue, it will alter the biting motion and how the teeth come together while eating. This can then in turn put greater pressure on the temporomandibular joint which can cause pain and discomfort at the joint site.

Treatment


Deep cleaning of the patient's mouth is known as periodontal maintenance. While many of the techniques used are the same as a regular dental cleaning, there are other, significant differences which include root planing and scraping. The cleanings also occur with greater frequency than normal dental cleanings. It helps to slow the progression of the disease as well as ease the symptoms.

Prevent Gum Disease


The best way to prevent gum disease is to brush and floss regularly; brush at least twice a day and floss at least once daily. Also, have regular dental cleanings and visits with us at Jason Widner DMD Family Dentistry so we can help you maintain your oral hygiene. You can call our number at 425-868-0123 for appointments.

Learn more about the risks of periodontal disease:
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